The BINGO project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, under the Grant Agreement number 641739.

Research Sites

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BINGO was built around six research sites that represent challenges in terms of water management options and approaches. They have been selected based on relevant criteria (areas with expected strong impacts from climate change, previous R&D knowledge, end users in need for solutions, high potential for innovation and replication, competing demands) and covering a representative range of conditions. 

There was a large variability of situations that BINGO tackled, both from the climate scenarios and the water cycle changes perspectives. For instance, water supply is indeed an activity of strategic importance to society; BINGO was able to understand how lakes, reservoirs, rivers and groundwater, in Northern and Southern Europe, are likely to be impacted by climate change, and subsequently evaluate the risks and produce tailored adaptation measures.

Read the short description of each research site to understand the issues shared among them.

The range of water systems, strategic uses, and key problems addressed at the BINGO research sites.

Here are the main results of each of the case studies, which are further developed in the sub-sections below:


  • Making groundwater a more prominent topic in the overall management of the Veluwe and involving local stakeholders in different policy platforms
  • More knowledge about effects of climate change on the groundwater system of the Veluwe
  • Insight into the impact of possible adaptation measures


  • Testing adaptations plans (when available) to “next-decade” projections or guide users to adaptation measures, both in public water supply and in agriculture.
  • Coupling hydrological and estuarine modelling to a Risk Management approach, proved to be of much help in assisting the decision making process.
  • Reaching knowledge improvement on the vulnerabilities of key water dependent economic sectors, and how CC can affect their activities.
  • IDF curves for future climate (S. Julião do Tojal station; Trancão river basin)
  • Water cycle mathematical models prepared to be used in the future, supporting the management of the lower Tagus River and decisions taking


  • Relevant experience on how to handle climate data from circulation models
  • For the interpretation of resulting discharge from decadal predictions, statistical parameters should be used for comparison instead of absolute quantities to avoid one-to-one correspondence,
  • Land use changes only for the next decade do not play a significant role on runoff¬ generation Water use scenarios, on the other hand, proved to be most sensitive for the Größe Dhünn Reservoir - all decadal members reflected the same trend, indicating a slight diminishing of water availability for the next decade.
  • Soil measurements can be easily implemented (new communication techniques) and are very helpful to improve modelling


  • Successful Downscaling at 1x1km resolution of rainfall extreme events
  • Successful use of high-resolution downscaled rainfall events in hydrological models
    • Model used for Flood Directive Implementation  Observed Rainfall data from the relevant Meteorological Stations
    • Model used in BINGO  1×1 km high-resolution downscaled rainfall as derived from WP2
  • One of the members of the ensemble set produced excellent results compared to the results of the model using observed rainfall data
  • Calculation of flood flows of extreme future episodes under climate and land-use change conditions
  • Understanding of the effectiveness of Tamassos Dam under various initial dam conditions scenarios
  • Flood Maps


  • Innovative technological solutions supporting decision-making processes, such as:
    • 1D/2D coupled model for urban flooding impact assessment - Risk maps for pedestrians and vehicles in the event of flooding, which will be included in the current emergency protocols (civil protection)
    • Integrated sewer and marine modelling for CSOs impact assessment - Methodology for CSOs pollution estimation based on rain intensity
  • Roadmap for an effective climate change adaptation: Consensual list of adaptation measures and CBA for each of the alternatives, including cost of inaction.
  • Engagement and active participation of multiple stakeholders in: Flood and CSO risk management processes and climate change adaptation and resilience of urban drainage system


  • Future climate projections for Bergen, both Near- and long term, as well as planning and design tools.
  • Impacts on Combined Sewer Overflows (CSOs): Model development and identification of problematic CSOs
  • Risk assessment: Frequency analysis and vulnerability analysis
  • Adaptation measures and strategies: development of a digital platform for public involvement and decision support table for adaptation measures

BINGO Partners


The BINGO project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, under the Grant Agreement number 641739.


The project is coordinated at European level by Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil (LNEC, Portugal).


© 2017 Bingo. All rights reserved.



This website reflects only the author’s view and the Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.

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